Goleman (1996) proposed that meditative styles might be classified into two types, Mindfulness and concentrative, depending on how attention is directed during meditation. Andresen (2000) meanwhile suggested that these two categories might be better understood as two poles on a continuum upon which most other meditative techniques can be positioned. On the other hand, Cahn (2006) acknowledged the limitations of this taxonomy and suggests that a different way of categorising techniques may be according to the underlying experience that the various techniques aim to elicit.

For further reading regarding the taxonomy of meditation, check Dr Ramesh Manocha’s Website.